- Books 2012: Heretic Queen: Queen Elizabeth and the Wars of Religion
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Toggle navigation Anaheim Public Library. Link Network. Borrow it Toggle Dropdown Central Library. The item Heretic queen : Queen Elizabeth I and the wars of religion, Susan Ronald represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Anaheim Public Library. This item is available to borrow from 1 library branch. Creator Ronald, Susan. Language eng. Publication New York, St. Martin's Press, Edition First edition. Extent xv, pages. Isbn Extent xv, pages Isbn Lccn Media category unmediated Media MARC source rdamedia Media type code n Other physical details illustrations, map System control number Library Locations Map Details.
Central Library Borrow it. The procession made a choreographed spectacle quite unlike any other along Londons busy waterway, with hundreds of barges in the royal entourage rowing in unison toward a single and singular purpose. Il Shifanoya, the Venetian observer in London, reported to the doge that it reminded him of Ascension Day at Venice, when the Signory goes to espouse the Sea. Wherries crowded in as near as they dared while their occupants waved, throwing their hats in the air, hailing Elizabeth, and wishing her God speed!
When the royal barges emerged through the treacherous eddies at London Bridge and came into sight of the Tower, the captain of the guard ordered the artillery to be fired in honor of their lady. The roar of the guns echoed above the waterway, a signal to the entire capital that Her Majesty had neared the first stop on her journey to become the countrys anointed monarch.
A few moments later, the royal barge docked at the sovereigns private stairs. In keeping with tradition, Elizabeth crossed into the Tower by a small bridge and disappeared into her royal apartments. Naturally, these were far removed from those that had once been her royal prison. It was only much later that Elizabeth would reveal that her enforced stay in the Tower at the hands of her sister remained an ever present memory. Though Friday the thirteenth had been upheld as an unlucky day since the Lord Jesus dined at his Last Supper with his twelve apostles, Englands queen celebrated it all the same in the great tradition of her ancestors.
Her Knights of the Bath were created on that day at the Tower in preparation for the coronation ceremony. Elizabeth was making a point of disregarding superstition: Religionwhether Protestant or Catholic abhorred superstition, and as Englands temporal leader for Catholics or putative head of the church for Protestants , she would guide all her people by example. It was a beautifully understated piece of spin to demonstrate her leadership and bravery to her predominantly illiterate subjects.
Besides, Dr. John Dee had cast her horoscope, with royal consent, of course, and had determined not only the most propitious date for the queens coronation but also the schedule of events leading up to the day. In another fi nely tuned act of symbolism, her fathers own Master of the Revels, Sir Thomas Cawarden, was appointed to supervise the coronation celebrations.
Ten Catholic bishops had died since October , leaving an unprecedented opportunity for the head of the church in England to name their replacements. It had already been whispered that the queen planned to take on the role of Supreme Governor, leaving the Marian religious settlement and the return to Rome in tatters.
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Fearing what was to come, the remaining bishops made a pact of solidarity, declining to officiate at the coronation ceremonies in the vain hope that Elizabeth would see that they still wielded power both as the religious figureheads in their bishoprics and as the Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords. Notwithstanding this, through the assiduously applied coercion of her privy councillors, the archbishop of York, Owen Oglethorpe, was at last persuaded to do the honorable thing.
Though the disobedient bishops had nearly succeeded in making a sham of the coronation ceremony, the issue of disciplining them would be best left for the forthcoming Parliament. While Elizabeths court prepared for the state entry into London, the city sprang into action. Scaffolds had been built and strategically placed throughout the city since Christmas week. The streets where the queen would pass were quickly covered in fresh gravel and tamped down.
The light snow had made the way muddy, so the gravel was laid to ease Elizabeths passage with her royal entourage. It also made it easier to roll the pageant carts into position.
Books 2012: Heretic Queen: Queen Elizabeth and the Wars of Religion
Saturday, January 14, , would be the Citys day to revel. Coronation Day would be celebrated in Westminster at its abbey on Sunday. Across the country, Londons activity was mirrored by great celebrations and outpourings of thanksgiving. Queen Elizabeth craved the love of her people, and without their sharing equally in her joy, the coronation ceremony would have been like an actor performing to an empty theatre.
That morning, as if by royal command, the snow stopped. At two oclock in the afternoon, the spectacle of coronation began. As the Most Dread Sovereign, Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God Queen of England, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, et cetera, marched forth from the Tower, she raised her eyes to heaven in much the same way she had done at Whitehall and proclaimed, O Lord, Almighty and Everlasting God, I give Thee most hearty thanks that Thou has been so merciful unto me as to spare me to behold this joyful day.
And I acknowledge that Thou has dealt as wonderfully and as mercifully with me, as Thou didst with Thy true and faithful servant Daniel, Thy Prophet, whom Thou delivered out of the den from the cruelty of the greedy and raging lions: even so was I overwhelmed, and only by Thee delivered.
To Thee therefore only be thanks, honour, and praise, forever. The dazzling court, accompanied by a thousand jeweled horses, wended its way through Blackfriars to St. Pauls and on toward. All the houses lining the way were hung with brightly colored banners, their inhabitants leaning precariously out of the penthouses to glimpse their queen. Merchants and traders pressed against the wooden barricades and crowded into the narrow streets. Each was dressed in his long black and crimson cloak; each sported the ensign of his own trade and carried his trades standard high. They made, so everyone said, a fi ne show.
The blindingly bright ray of hope that Elizabeth symbolized after the dark fi nal eighteen months of Queen Marys reign shone from every house, each shop, and all faces. Elizabeth owed her very popularity to their hope for a better life and, in her mind, a return to the reformed church. Not only had heretics been burned at the stake in those dark eighteen months in , but England had been led into a fruitless war against France at King Philips behest, lost its ill-defended staple town of Calais, and emptied its coffers.
When the queens trumpeters blasted their great fanfare to proclaim the approach of Queen Elizabeth, the crowd threw their hats in the air for joy. Many bystanders craned their necks to see beyond the heralds so they could glimpse their young and handsome queen. When, at last, Elizabeth passed in her open litter trimmed down to the ground in gold brocade with a raised pile, all those who lined the roads let out cries of sheer joy.
Surely if ever there was a glorious queen, it was she, the last of King Harrys children. Official accounts record that the handsome mules that carried Elizabeth were also clothed in gold brocade and wore jeweled harnesses. They speak of a veritable sea of footmen in crimson velvet jerkins studded with the queens initials, ER, in raised gilt silver, a white and a red rose on their breasts and no hats upon their heads.
These men heralded the queens arrival. At Elizabeths side walked her Gentlemen-Pensioners of the Axe, all clad in crimson damask, also without hats, despite the cold. Elizabeths devilishly handsome Master of the Horse, Sir Robert Dudley, was mounted on a magnificent charger.
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He led a white hackney covered in a cloth of gold followed by the queens Lords of her Privy Chamber. When Eliza-.
The Passage of our Most Dread Sovereign Lady, Queen Elizabeth, through the City of London to Westminster, the day before her Coronation, dated January 23 cum privilegio, records with the reporters eye how Elizabeth Tudor made her entrance as Englands queen that day in a costume of a royal robe of very rich cloth of gold with a double-raised stiff pile, a coif of cloth of gold, and a plain gold lace crown upon her reddish-gold hair, which hung loose. She was bedecked with jewels in her hair and wore necklaces but had no jewels on her long, slender white fi ngers, which held her jeweled gloves.
It exclaims at length that when the queen entered the City of London, surrounded by the nobility of her realm, the people received [them] marvelous entirely, as appeared by the assembly, prayers, wishes, welcomings, cries, tender words, and all other signs, which argue a wonderful earnest love and most obedient subjects toward their sovereign. Elizabeth declared in return that she was no less thankful to receive her peoples good will, than they lovingly offered it unto her.
Elizabeth wanted to confirm to her people with a gesture, a word, and later with many good deeds that she held their love above all others. When commoners pressed themselves forward to hand Elizabeth flowers, she showed her most gentle deference to them by pausing to listen to their requests, then blessing them with her royal touch before she moved on. To the journalists eye, he could not better term the City of London that time, than a stage wherein was showed the wonderful spectacle, of a noble-hearted Princess toward her most loving people, and the peoples exceeding comfort in beholding so worthy a sovereign, and hearing so prince-like a voice.
She had used those years wisely to fine-tune her performance. While still a princess-in-waiting, Elizabeth had resolved to hold her subjects in awe with her majesty and delight them with her common touch. On this day, she succeeded.
Similarly, her people had clear and conciseif religiously allegorical messages for their new sovereign. These took the physical form of triumphal arches strategically placed on pageant wagons along the queens route toward Westminster. At Fenchurch, a scaffold richly furnished, whereon stood a noise of instruments, and a child in costly apparel, welcomed the Queens Majesty on behalf of the city.
At Gracechurch Street, in front of the sign of the Eagle Inn, the city had erected a sumptuous three-story triumphal arch depicting Elizabeths right to the throne.
Heretic Queen: Queen Elizabeth I and the Wars of Religion - Susan Ronald - Google книги
Henrys descent and right to the throne were depicted in the Red Rose of Lancaster. Elizabeth of York, the queens paternal grandmother, clutched her White Rose of York in one hand with her scepter, while the other rested on Henry VIIs hand. Out of the roses sprang a branch that led the eye upward to the second story, where a richly clad King Henry VIII bestrode the platform with his queen Anne Boleyn seated at his side. Another branch wound its way upward to the third story, where a likeness of Queen Elizabeth sat on her royal throne. The queen hardly needed anyone to interpret the meaning behind the triumphal arch or its stated desire for quietness to increase.
They processed to the far end of Cornhill, where the pageant devised by the city depicted the queen seated in the seat of worthy governance with the virtues of Pure Religion, Love of Subjects, Wisdom, and Justice seated beside her. It was a realm brimming over with spiritual messages. The pageant at Soper Lane was again like the medieval mysteries, with the eight Beatitudes sending their message from innocent childrens mouths to the queen.
Elizabeth listened to a childs soliloquy and thanked her people with great sincerity. Every moment among them was joyful,. When the litter stopped at the Standard in the Cheap to great fanfare of trumpets, Master Ranulph Cholmeley, recorder of London, presented a purse of crimson richly wrought with gold fi ligree fi lled with a thousand marks in gold.